All about the pear tree, an exquisite fruit tree
fotokostic / iStock
The pear tree is a fruit tree which is cultivated in different forms and produces delicious fruits to harvest between the end of summer and the heart of winter. It grows in fresh, well-drained soil. For two centuries, dozens of pear varieties have been developed. Once a tree and when it is not pruned, the pear tree can reach 20 meters high. The pears are harvested for long weeks and can be kept cool and in the shade.
The pear tree is a fruit tree that likes in gardens whose land is rich and fresh. We cultivate it in its tree formbut also as a bush or in a trellised form, against a wall of the garden. Our practical tips will help beginner and experienced gardeners to successfully grow pear in their garden.
Read also> All about the apple tree
The pear tree appreciates cool, well-drained and low-clay soils. If your land is very calcareous, improve the soil with potting soil. Choose a sunny location and prepare the planting hole a few days before installing the pear. The hole must be at least twice as large as the planting mound. If you plant a pear tree with bare roots, cut the damaged ones, immerse all the root part in a mixture of water and garden soil (the pralinage). Lay a good layer of decomposed manure, then a layer of soil mixed with potting soil if the soil is heavy. Add an organic fertilizer to this mixture. Place the pear tree in the center of the hole. Be careful not to bury the pear tree too much. You observe the presence of a bead flush with the ground? It corresponds to the grafting point and must remain free. Lightly tamp the earth around the pear and sprinkle copiously. Plant your tree out of frost and heavy rain.In a medium sized garden, opt for a quarter-stem or half-stem pear, harvesting the fruit will remain easy. The tall trees grow very high and you will have to equip scales to recover the pears.
The pears pear, care tips
Some varieties in columns can be installed in bins. On a terrace, you can also install pears. Opt for summer varieties, resistant to any drought: pear tree Dr. Jules Guyot or the pear tree William's. Proceed as for planting in the ground and take good care of watering.
To read also> Green terrace: my charming corner of greenery
Watering and pear fertilizer
Bring a few handfuls ofnatural fertilizer at the foot of the pear at the end of each winter. Claw the ground simply without burying the fertilizer. The best time for this is the very beginning of spring, except frost, when the leaves have fallen to the ground. Proceed in dry weather and use a clean pruning shears. Remove broken, dead or weak branches. The goal: to circulate the air in the pear tree and expose all parts of the tree to the sun. Spot the greedy, large straight stems that go to the sky. Cut them at their point of birth. Shorten the fruiting branches the previous fall. Do not trim the pear tree too short. Let flower buds thrive, forming round, slightly sticky buds. With these simple gestures you do not take the risk of suppressing future crops. Headstand pruning to favor fruit production. The less he is pruned, the fewer the fruits are.
Also read> 10 gardening tools for the terrace and the balcony
Diseases and parasites affecting the pear tree
The pear tree can suffer attacks from codling moth, scab or gravel. Treat it with organic solutions from the onset of flowering. The Bordeaux mixture is a good spring treatment. Stop all treatments at least 15 days before harvest.
To know about the pear tree
The pear tree can be planted until 1000 meters above sea level. It is a sign of fertility in many alpine regions, besides a pear tree is planted against the facade of the cottage facing south at the birth of the first child.
Pear varieties to choose
Choose your pear tree according to your climate and some harvest period. To have pears in the heart of summer, prefer William's pears with melting flesh. Try the pear tree William's red less common. For harvests in the heart of autumn, choose the pear tree Deanery of the Comice, or the pear tree Beurré Hardy and its perfumed and slightly acid flesh. Other pear trees can be harvested in the fall and consumed all winter. This is the pear tree Saint Germain winter with almost white flesh, or pear Ms. Balle with medium-sized fruits and a perfume similar to that of rose.
Gardener's tip on the pear tree
Plant several varieties of pear trees to promote pollination. To begin, avoid trellised shapes that require good knowledge of size. Collect the pears just before they mature to maximize their conservation.